What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common oral health issue that many people may not fully understand. In Lenoir City, periodontal care is an essential part of maintaining a healthy smile. Let's dive deeper into this topic.

Understanding Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a multifaceted condition that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone. It typically begins with the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If not adequately removed through regular oral hygiene practices like brushing and flossing, this plaque can evolve into tartar, a hardened form that cannot be eliminated with regular brushing alone.

As tartar builds up, it can lead to inflammation of the gums, a condition known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen gums that may bleed during brushing. Fortunately, at this early stage, the damage is often reversible with prompt and thorough dental care.

However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease. Periodontitis involves the inflammation spreading deeper into the supporting structures of the teeth, leading to pockets forming between the gums and teeth. These pockets become a breeding ground for bacteria, causing further damage and potential tooth loss if not addressed.

Symptoms and Causes of Periodontal Disease

The symptoms of periodontal disease can vary, but often include red, swollen or tender gums, bleeding while brushing or flossing, receding gums, loose or shifting teeth, and persistent bad breath. The primary cause of periodontal disease is poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. Regular periodontal care in Lenoir City can help prevent these symptoms.

Preventing Periodontal Disease 

Preventing periodontal disease starts with good oral health habits. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and getting regular dental cleanings can help keep your gums healthy. It's also important to eat a balanced diet and avoid tobacco use, as these can also affect your oral health. In Lenoir City, periodontal care is readily available to help you maintain your oral health.

Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease

If you're diagnosed with periodontal disease, don't worry. There are several treatment options available, ranging from non-surgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A professional in Lenoir City periodontal care can recommend the best treatment plan for you based on your individual needs.

Schedule Your Appointment Today

Don't let periodontal disease affect your oral health and overall well-being. If you live in or around Lenoir City, periodontal care is conveniently available at Lakeside Dental. Dr. Joseph Blalock and his team are committed to providing comprehensive dental care, including prevention and treatment of periodontal disease. Call us today at 865-635-4999 to schedule your appointment and take the first step towards a healthier smile.